IPCC Report Author Estimates $800 Billion Annual Cost to Capture Carbon from Power Plants
One of the authors of the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Carbon Capture and Storage estimated the worldwide cost could run an astonishing $800 billion annually.
Stanford University Energy and Environmental Sciences Professor Dr. Ken Caldeira said his 2005 IPCC Report estimated a cost of about $100 per ton of carbon (not just carbon dioxide) for carbon capture and storage costs in ideal locations.
According to the World Coal Institute (WCI), the technology allows "emissions of carbon dioxide to be 'captured' and 'stored' â€“ preventing them from entering the atmosphere.â€ť
One example of this technology is the capture of carbon dioxide gas. â€śCO2 can be stored in geological formations such as saline aquifers or expired oil and gas reservoirs,â€ť according to the WCIâ€™s Web site.
â€śWe put out about 8 billion tons of carbon each year from all sources, globally,â€ť Caldeira told the Business & Media Institute. â€śPreventing emissions from some sources will be much cheaper than $100 per ton and from other sources much more expensive, but $100 per ton [of] carbon is a reasonable ballpark estimate for an average.â€ť
Itâ€™s a matter of simple mathematics according to Caldeira.
â€śSo, that $800 billion comes from multiplying the 8 billion tons per year emission times the $100 per ton ballpark price,â€ť Caldeira said.
Caldeira admitted it was â€śnot a precise number.â€ť
â€śLess than the cost of medical care, and a bit less than the global military budget, but still a lot of money,â€ť Caldeira said on September 5 at the annual conference of the Society of Environmental Journalists. â€śWe could do it, but it's a major investment.â€ť
Pegging a cost for the United Statesâ€™ share is a little more difficult. Even if it were considered a global effort â€“ as this cost is derived from a United Nations-sanctioned report â€“ it would be quite expensive.